An Overview of the Various Types of Horse Breeds

types of horse breeds

There are different types of horse breeds available for those who want to keep horses at their stables or in competitions. These types of horse breeds can be categorized into three main categories: Cross, Fly-cross, and Quarter. The classification is usually based on the performance of the animal.

An Overview

A close up of a horse that is looking at the camera

The mainly used breeds in the riding institutions are classified according to their performance. The top three are categorized according to their function. The following are the different horse breeds and their respective importance towards horse training school.

The first category of horse breeds is known as the westphalian horses. This includes mainly the Thoroughbreds, the Alsatians, the Barbet and thecolour cross. The horses classified in this category have characteristics like long and wide chests, large and broad heads, droopy eyes, square necks, short muzzles, high fences, flatwoods, medium-length quill tops, square tails and pointy ears. Also, they have dark bridles with either square tippets or plaits. The cross breds are differentiated from the purebreds by their colouring, coat type and patterning. These types of horses are best suited for dressage and cross country racing.

Best Breeds

A man riding a horse in a field

The second category of breeds is the chestnut. They include the Arabians, the American English, the British Flatwoods, the Broomburners and the Birmingham Halftrees. Chestnut horses belong to the category of Thoroughbreds, which has characteristics like height, build, head, chest, and neck structure. In addition, they possess high amounts of energy.

The third category of breeds is known as the muscular types. They are categorized as working horses because their purpose is to carry out business activities. Examples of muscular types are the Castledancer, the Continental, the English Cocker, the Ireland Blue, the Liverpool Lip, the North American Morgan and the Western Wearst. All these horses belong to the category of domesticated horses.

Colored Breeds

Fourthly, there are the colored breeds of horses. This type includes thoroughbreds, quarter horses, hobby horses, dressage, jumping, polo and racing. Some of these colors are Arabian Belgian, British Blue, British Thoroughbreds, American Grey, American Quarter, bay and show standards. On the other hand, the unusual colors include blue, dapple, blood, flame and piebald. Some examples of show standard colors are grey, scarlet, blue, tortoiseshell, and rusty.

Fifth, we have the chestnut variety of breeds. Chestnut breeds are characterized by their dark hair, narrow muzzle and broad chest. Examples of these breeds are English, American and Irish. The English and American chestnut is characterized by its short muzzle and broad chest that are also characteristic of the Irish and American breeds.

Lastly, there are the wild horses categorized by colors. These animals can be categorized as red, tan, brown or black. Most of the time, these colors are used for fashion, but some use it as a means to identify the animal once they find it. There are also some that use brighter colors for identification purposes.

So far, we have three types of horse breeds. However, there are many more breeds which we can choose from. Let us take a look at another category. That is, the Thoroughbred racing horses. They belong to a category of horses called Thoroughbred racing. Each year, many people participate in horse racing competitions all over the world.

Process Of Competition

In this competition, the winner gets the title as the “winner”. In comparison to other horse breeds, the thoroughbreds have the lowest mean body weight, the fastest speed and the highest endurance. These characteristics are expected to be present in any Thoroughbred race. On the other hand, the draught horse breeds average about 20 pounds lighter than the average height of horses. Their average height is just a bit higher than the average height of 5-year-olds.

The draught horse breeds average about one inch taller than the average height of horses. However, they have very weak legs and are easily frightened. This is the reason why most draft horses are not good choice for racing. There are also light horses. The reason for this is that draft horses are not fast and have low energy levels. Therefore, they do not give a big challenge to the thoroughbreds.


The next type of breed is the Dutch warmblood, which is the most rare breed among the mentioned types of horse breeds. The Dutch warmblood is bred by mixing the white tail black Dutch with the thoroughbreds. The result is a half-colored dutch whose body is black, brown and yellow in color. Its head is very big and round, while its paws are large and stocky.

Subscribe to our monthly Newsletter
Subscribe to our monthly Newsletter